Rename BrainVision EEG data files

The BrainVision file format is one of the recommended formats to store EEG data within a BIDS directory. To organize EEG data in BIDS format, it is often necessary to rename the files. In the case of BrainVision files, we would have to rename multiple files for each dataset instance (i.e., once per recording):

  1. A text header file (.vhdr) containing meta data

  2. A text marker file (.vmrk) containing information about events in the data

  3. A binary data file (.eeg) containing the voltage values of the EEG

The problem is that the three files contain internal links that guide a potential data reading software. If we just rename the three files without also adjusting the internal links, we corrupt the file format.

In this example, we use MNE-BIDS to rename BrainVision data files including a repair of the internal file pointers.

# Authors: Stefan Appelhoff <stefan.appelhoff@mailbox.org>
# License: BSD (3-clause)

We are importing everything we need for this example:

import os

from numpy.testing import assert_array_equal
from mne.io import read_raw_brainvision

from mne_bids.datasets import fetch_brainvision_testing_data
from mne_bids.copyfiles import copyfile_brainvision

Step 1: Download some example data

To demonstrate the MNE-BIDS functions, we need some testing data. Here, we will use data that is shipped with MNE-Python. Feel free to use your own BrainVision data.

examples_dir = fetch_brainvision_testing_data()

Step 2: Rename the recording

Above, at the top of the example, we imported copyfile_brainvision from the MNE-BIDS utils.py module. This function takes two arguments as input: First, the path to the existing .vhdr file. And second, the path to the future .vhdr file.

copyfile_brainvision will then create three new files (.vhdr, .vmrk, and .eeg) with the new names as provided with the second argument.

Here, we rename test.vhdr to test_renamed.vhdr:

vhdr_file = os.path.join(examples_dir, 'test.vhdr')
vhdr_file_renamed = os.path.join(examples_dir, 'test_renamed.vhdr')
copyfile_brainvision(vhdr_file, vhdr_file_renamed)

Out:

file encoding: UTF-8 (read from header)

Step 3: Assert that the renamed data can be read by a software

Finally, let’s use MNE-Python to read in both, the original BrainVision data as well as the renamed data. They should be the same.

raw = read_raw_brainvision(vhdr_file)
raw_renamed = read_raw_brainvision(vhdr_file_renamed)

assert_array_equal(raw.get_data(), raw_renamed.get_data())

Out:

Extracting parameters from /home/circleci/mne_data/mne_bids_examples/test.vhdr...
Setting channel info structure...
Used Annotations descriptions: ['Stimulus/S253', 'Stimulus/S255', 'Stimulus/S254', 'Response/R255', 'Optic/O  1']
Extracting parameters from /home/circleci/mne_data/mne_bids_examples/test_renamed.vhdr...
Setting channel info structure...
Used Annotations descriptions: ['Stimulus/S253', 'Stimulus/S255', 'Stimulus/S254', 'Response/R255', 'Optic/O  1']

Further information

There are alternative options to rename your BrainVision files. You could for example check out the BVARENAMER by Stefan Schinkel.

Lastly, there is a tool to check the integrity of your BrainVision files. For that, see the BrainVision Validator

Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 1.236 seconds)

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